Gibraltar ( /dʒɨˈbrɒltər/) is a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean. It has an area of 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 sq mi) and a northern border with Andalusia, Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region. At its foot is the densely populated city area, home to almost 30,000 Gibraltarians and other nationalities.
An Anglo-Dutch force invaded Gibraltar in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession. The city, castle, port and defenses, was subsequently ceded to Britain "in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. It was an important base for the Royal Navy; today its economy is based largely on tourism, financial services, and shipping.
The sovereignty of Gibraltar is a major point of contention in Anglo-Spanish relations as Spain asserts a claim to the territory.Gibraltarians rejected proposals for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum and again in 2002. Under the Gibraltar constitution of 2006, Gibraltar governs its own affairs, though some powers, such as defence and foreign relations, remain the responsibility of the UK Government.4. ^ "Abstract of Statistics 2009, Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar". The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents (including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves) and non-British residents. Visitors and transients are not included. In 2009, this broke down into 23,907 native born, 3,129 UK British, 2,395 Other for a total population of 29,431. On census night there were 31,623 people present in Gibraltar.
Motto: Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti (Latin)
"Conquerable by no enemy."
Anthem: God Save the Queen (official anthem),Gibraltar Anthem (local anthem)
Largest Most populated district : Westside
Official language(s): English
Spoken Languages: English Spanish Llanito
Ethnic groups: Gibraltarian (of mixedGenoese, Maltese, Portugueseand Spanish descent),
other British, Moroccan and Indian
Government: British overseas territory (constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democratic dependency)
Monarch: Elizabeth II Governor: Sir Adrian Jones Chief Minister: Fabian Picardo
Event: Captured:4 August 1704 Ceded:11 April 1713 (Treaty of Utrecht)
National Day:10 September Constitution Day:29 January
Area: Total 6.8 km2 (241th)/ 2.6 sq mi Water(%): 0% Population (2009 estimate) :29,431 (211th) Density: 4,328/km2 (5th)/11,320/sq mi
GDP (PPP)(2011 estimate): Total: £1 Billion Per capita: £27,468 (n/a)
HDI(HDI of the U.K.) (2011): 0.863 (very high) (28th) Currency: Gibraltar pound £ GIP)
Time zone: CET (UTC+1) Summer (DST): CEST (UTC+2) Date formats: dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the:right
ISO 3166 code: GI Internet TLD: .gi Calling code: 350
Patron saint: Bernard of Clairvaux & Our Lady of Europe
1.^ "Gibraltar: National anthem". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 September 2011. "National anthem: name: "Gibraltar Anthem" . . . note:adopted 1994; serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)"
2.^ Gibraltar was captured on 24 July 1704, Old Style, and 4 August 1704, New Style
3.^ The treaty was signed on 31 March 1713, Old Style, and 11 April 1713, New Style –Peace and Friendship Treaty of Utrecht between France and Great Britain
4. Unlike all other UK dependencies but the BIOT (British Indian Ocean Territory)
5. .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union members.
6. Before 10 February 2007, 9567 from Spain.
7. Coins and sterling notes are issued by the Government of Gibraltar.
Wikipedia contributors. "Gibraltar." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 2 Oct. 2012. Web. 3 Oct. 2012.